The history of the United States Coast Guard goes back to 1790, when it was originally constituted to enforce tariff and trade laws, prevent smuggling and protect collection of revenue. Later on its’ duties grew to include mariners in distress, protection of marine environment and chart the country’s coastlines. The United States Coast Guard is now dedicated to saving life at sea and enforcing the nation’s maritime laws. In times of war the coast guard serves under the navy department on the direction of the president of the United States.
The Reserve Officer Training Corps, or ROTC is one of the methods of recruiting into the US military offered by the U. S. Army, the US airforce, the United States Marines and the navy. In fact it is offered by all the streams except for the United States Coast Guard. The ROTC trains young graduates to go on to become officers. The ROTC is available in over 1,000 colleges and universities throughout the U.S., both those that host ROTC units or detachments and those with cross-enrollment agreements with them. During college, students take a full course load. However, the curriculum includes military science courses that give the specialized knowledge needed as an Officer.
Whether it is the United States Marines or the United States Coast Guard or any branch of the military, each offers some form of scholarship. What is common to all however is the Montgomery GI Bill, thru which you can qualify for financial assistance for college at any two or four-year College, vocational school, or correspondence course. You may get a full scholarship thru college, this would include tuition, course material such as book and even boarding, and this requires a commitment of serve as an officer for a minimum of three years after graduation. There are also the little known college fund programs and enlisted persons who qualify for these programs may receive up to $50,000 toward college tuition, when combined with the Montgomery G.I. Bill, and upon honorable discharge. Enlistees who are awarded the College Fund by the United States Marines or United States Coast Guard receive additional dollars that can make up a significant part or all of the funds required for a college education.
There are aviation jobs available for persons in each of the branches of the military and not just the U. S. Air Force. Pilots in all these branches are of various types; airlift pilot, bomber pilot, fighter pilot, tanker pilot, etc. Officers are trained for aeronautical specialties and even to become astronauts. The U. S. Air Force and the other branches also employ navigators who assist and direct pilots, conduct fuel consumption projections etc.